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Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. The Power of Cunning over Strength If the Iliad is about strength, the Odyssey is about cunning, a difference that becomes apparent in the very first lines of the epics.
Odysseus does have extraordinary strength, as he demonstrates in Book 21 by being the only man who can string the bow. But he relies much more on mind than muscle, a tendency that his encounters showcase.
Similarly, Odysseus knows that he is no match for the host of strapping young suitors in his palace, so he makes the most of his other strength—his wits. Step by step, through disguises and deceptions, he arranges a situation in which he alone is armed and the suitors are locked in a room with him.
Scylla and Charybdis cannot be beaten, but Odysseus can minimize his losses with prudent decision-making and careful navigation. Achilles won great kleos, or glory, during his life, but that life was brief and ended violently.
Odysseus, on the other hand, by virtue of his wits, will live to a ripe old age and is destined to die in peace. It is fit that the Odyssey is motivated by such an event, for many of the pitfalls that Odysseus and his men face are likewise obstacles that arise out of mortal weakness and the inability to control it.
The submission to temptation or recklessness either angers the gods or distracts Odysseus and the members of his crew from their journey: In the case of the Sirens, the theme is revisited simply for its own interest.
Homer is fascinated with depicting his protagonist tormented by temptation:Quests for Self-knowledge In Homer s the Odyssey, there are two major quests. One quest is that of Odysseus, King of Ithaca, and the other is that of Prince Telemakhos, son of Odysseus. Both quests are alike in that both men search for self-knowledge and eventual happiness in Ithaca.
NASA Images Discover Ancient Bridge between India and Sri Lanka. Space images taken by NASA reveal a mysterious ancient bridge in . 세금계산서 발행을 원하시는 고객님께서는 사업자 등록증을 팩스(, )로 보내주시기 바랍니다.
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Start studying The Odyssey. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Stephen Jay Gould (September 10, – May 20, ) was an American geologist, paleontologist, evolutionary biologist and popular-science author, who spent most of his career teaching at Harvard University and working at the American Museum of Natural History in New York.
He was one of the most influential and widely read writers of .