According to Watson, caring is central to nursing practice, and promotes health better than a simple medical cure. The nursing model also states that caring can be demonstrated and practiced by nurses. Caring for patients promotes growth; a caring environment accepts a person as he or she is, and looks to what he or she may become. Society Society provides the values that determine how one should behave and what goals one should strive toward.
Advantages of Using Theory to Generate Ideas Why do many psychologists prefer theory to common sense? As you can see from Table T-1there are at least eight reasons why scientists prefer theory to common sense. First, theories tend to be more internally consistent than common sense.
Researchers find it easier to make clear, consistent predictions from a consistent theory rather than from inconsistent common sense. Second, theories tend to be more consistent with existing facts than common sense.
Often, theories are constructed by systematically collecting data and carefully analyzing the data for patterns. Generally, if deductions from a theory are incorrect, the theory will be changed or abandoned.
Thus, unlike common sense, theories do not ignore facts. Consequently, a hypothesis based on an established theory is a more educated guess and should have a greater chance of being correct than one based on common sense.
Third, theories are not restricted to making commonsense or intuitively obvious predictions. Theories can make predictions that are counter-intuitive. For example, social learning theory predicts that rewarding a child for a behavior could make the child like doing the behavior less because the child may decide that he or she does the behavior because of the reward, rather than because the child likes it.
Because theories are not limited to making predictions that are consistent with common sense, a theory may suggest controversial, new ways of viewing the world.
Fourth, theories summarize and organize a great deal of information. Just as the plot of a movie may connect thousands of otherwise unrelated images, theories connect individual facts and give them meaning. That is, theories try to explain facts.
The ability of theories to connect facts means that theory-based research will not produce isolated bits of trivia. Instead, the findings will fit into a framework that connects many other studies. For example, consider the following fact: In its own right, this is a relatively trivial fact.
Fifth, in addition to giving individual facts a meaningful context, theories focus research. Sixth, theories are often broad in scope.
Because theories can be applied to a wide range of situations, researchers can generate a wide variety of studies from a single theory. For example, social learning theory can be applied to prisons, businesses, advertising, politics, schizophrenics, smokers, librarians, mad dogs, and Englishmen.
Seventh, theories try to explain the facts with only a few core ideas. That is, they tend to be parsimonious: The value of parsimony is evident when you consider that a major function of science is to simplify our world.
The parsimonious theory provides a few simple rules that summarize hundreds of observations. These general rules making existing knowledge easier to understand, remember, and use.
Therefore, scientists prefer theories with a few far-reaching principles to theories that require a different principle to explain each new phenomenon. Thus, it should be no surprise that two theories that have enjoyed great popularity--evolutionary theory and social learning theory--possess only a few, broad-ranging principles.
Finally, theories are often more testable than common sense. That is, by talking about variables that can be objectively measured and by making specific predictions, a good theory is easy to test. Some are more parsimonious than others, some are broader than others, some are more logically consistent than others, some make more interesting predictions than others, and some are more consistent with the facts than others.
However, if you are trying to develop a research hypothesis, the most important difference between theories is that some theories are more testable--and thus more useful--than others. Therefore, when choosing a theory, make sure that it is testable. Characteristics of a Testable Theory To be testable, a theory must: Prediction rather than postdiction.
To be testable, a theory must tell you about events that have not yet been observed. Unfortunately, not all theories make such predictions.Feb 01, · Nurses’ Creativity: Advantage or Disadvantage.
The findings indicated that nurses’ creativity in health care organizations can lead to major changes of nursing practice, improvement of care and organizational performance. Therefore, policymakers, nurse educators, nursing and hospital managers should provide a nurturing. Introduction.
Essentially, the Caring theory of Jean Watson is oriented towards human science and focuses on the humanitarian aspect . The concept of caring is very broad, but Watson’s Theory of Human Caring seems to help stratify the concepts to help nurses understand more about human caring.
Definitions within the theory are general enough to make the theory easy to follow. "Advantage And Disadvantage Of Watson S Theory In Clinical Practice" Essays and Research Papers Advantage And Disadvantage Of Watson S Theory In Clinical Practice The Watson Theory Ann Pender- Bellard NUR/ March 14, Terry Palmisano The Watson Theory Watson calls caring the ethical principle or standard by which curing interventions are measured (Alligood, ).
Advantages of Using Theory to Generate Ideas.
To recognize how concepts and nursing theories may be of use in nurses' clinical practice. To discuss the advantages and disadvantages of nurses in the same work setting practicing by a single nursing theory. The Application of Watson’s Caring Theory in Nursing Administration Joko Gunawan Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University Introduction Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring is a grand theory that contributes to the existential side of nursing. Applying theory to nursing practice has many advantages for the nurses and the profession. This gives nurses the opportunity to organize principles that will help evaluate patient care and improve the nursing interventions based on the evaluation findings.
Why do many psychologists prefer theory to common sense? As you can see from Table T-1, there are at least eight reasons why scientists prefer theory to common sense. First, theories tend to be more internally consistent than common sense.
The Journey to Integrate Watson’s Caring Theory with Clinical Practice Linda A. Ryan, PhD, RN Resurrection Medical Center Abstract This article describes the process of integrating Jean Watson’s (, , ) caring.