Western education in the 19th century The social and historical setting From the midth century to the closing years of the 18th century, new social, economic, and intellectual forces steadily quickened—forces that in the late 18th and the 19th centuries would weaken and, in many cases, end the old aristocratic absolutism. The European expansion to new worlds overseas had stimulated commercial rivalry.
Industrial growth and progressive reform in America in the 20th century Grades 9—12 From The 20th century was a time of enormous changes in American life.
The beginning of the 21st century seems a suitable time to look back over the past years and see how the United States has developed, for better and worse, during that period of its history. In the early decades of the 20th century the American people benefited from industrial growth while also experiencing its adverse effects.
Cheap labor and assembly-line manufacturing made mass production possible. Railroad networks carried the mass-produced goods, many of them the result of new technologies, around the country.
Penney, and other retailers expanded their operations and laid the foundation for the consumer-driven society that evolved later in the century.
Inexpensive books, magazines, newspapers, and improved public libraries, funded in part through the benevolence of Andrew Carnegie, contributed to their intellectual lives. Sexual fulfillment in marital relationships continued to gain importance, and family life increasingly reflected the ideals of companionship.
Silent films and amateur and professional sports helped fill leisure time. The Boy Scouts and Girl Scouts, founded in andprovided recreational and educational opportunities for children.
Adverse Effects of Industrial Growth Changes in the workplace reached across social strata.
For those in the working class, the effects of industrial growth were often adverse. Crowding of industrial workers and their families in tenement districts worked against the kind of neighborliness that characterized life in small towns. The saloon was the social club for many immigrants.
It provided cheap or free lunches, warmth, banking and notary services, gambling, party rooms, and political headquarters. Premature death disrupted many families. At the turn of the century, life expectancy at birth for white males was In the figures for the comparable groups were The maternal mortality rate in was 61 per 1, live births compared to 8 in ; the infant mortality rate stood at per 1, live births compared to 7.
Divorce also caused disruptions. The number of divorces was 15 times higher in than in ; by the mids, one in seven marriages ended in divorce.
Moral problems evident in the corruption of urban political machines, high juvenile delinquency and crime rates the homicide rate had quadrupled in New York in the last two decades of the 19th centuryand widespread prostitution were coupled with health problems: Journalists known as muckrakers took aim at social ills.
Lincoln Steffens, for example, described "the shame of the cities," and Upton Sinclair exposed appalling conditions in meatpacking plants.
Pragmatic activists worked to improve social conditions. Walter Rauschenbusch led a Social Gospel movement that called for churches to promote social justice.
Neighborhoods, especially for immigrant populations, were often the center of community life. In the enclave neighborhoods, many immigrant groups attempted to . The economic history of the United States is about characteristics of and important developments in the U.S. economy from colonial times to the present. The emphasis is on economic performance and how it was affected by new technologies, especially those that improved productivity, which is the main cause of economic plombier-nemours.com covered are the change of size in economic sectors and the. Chapter 17 HIS study guide by frevella includes 25 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. How did social reformers differ from labor groups in the response to the problems of the late 19th century? Social reformers were interested in moral behavior as a method of solving social problems.
Margaret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic in Brooklyn in Four years later the Youngs Rubber Company introduced Trojan brand condoms.
Progressive Reforms Believing in "the promise of American life" the title of a book by Herbert Crolyreformers in what is known as the Progressive Era advocated laws designed to fulfill that promise.
The results of their efforts included the Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Actintended to protect consumers against tainted or unsafe products; the Federal Reserve Actto bring order to the banking industry; the establishment of the Federal Trade Commissionto investigate and prosecute corporations for unfair trade practices; and the Clayton Anti-Trust Actto curb the power of trusts.
To make government more responsive and accountable, reformers promoted practices known as referendum and initiative, as well as direct primaries, the secret ballot, and direct election of senators, the last accomplished by the 17th Amendment to the U.
The Progressive movement did little else for women, however, and even less for African Americans. Segregation by race was defended as being "in the interest of the Negro.Neighborhoods, especially for immigrant populations, were often the center of community life.
In the enclave neighborhoods, many immigrant groups attempted to . Understand what transcendentalism was and how it influenced social reform in the 19th century Describe the temperance movement and name the amendment that resulted from it Summarize education.
Nineteenth Century Reform Movements: Women’s Rights The role of women and their political, economic, and social opportunities in American Independence” did not achieve the equal rights status that reformers desired, it did help.
Chapter 17 HIS study guide by frevella includes 25 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. How did social reformers differ from labor groups in the response to the problems of the late 19th century?
Social reformers were interested in moral behavior as a method of solving social problems. American History Test 1. STUDY. PLAY. How did social reformers challenge discrimination against African Americans?
How did [of the late 19th century] will continue," but also explains that for the overall community to prosper, the wealthy individual must contribute to the public good. Critique of Wealth, Henry Dearest Lloyd The new Progressive Tradition Series from the Center for American Progress traces the development of progressivism as a social and political tradition stretching from the late 19th century reform.