Much research and debate revolves around the problem of juvenile delinquency in the US. The research is mainly focused on the causes of juvenile delinquency and which strategies have successfully diminished crime rates among the youth population. Though the causes are debated and controversial as well, much of the debate revolves around the punishment and rehabilitation of juveniles in a youth detention center or elsewhere.
CRM - Juvenile Crime Facts Crime and drug abuse are rated first and third as the biggest worries among Americans according to a recent survey for The Conference Board, a research institute. Crimes reported to police declined slightly for the third year in a row duringled by an eight percent drop in violent crime in cities with more than a million residents.
However, arrests of youths under eighteen years of age for violent crimes surged by seven percent. The number of teenagers under eighteen arrested for murder has risen over one hundred fifty percent from to This is a disturbing trend, especially in light of the fact that Justice Department surveys consistently show that less than half of all crime, including crimes of violence, is reported to the police.
Seventeen percent of all serious violent crimes in were committed by juveniles, either alone eleven percent or in juvenile groups six percent. Juvenile Offenders and Victims: Another eight percent of serious violent crimes were committed by groups of offenders that included at least one juvenile.
In all, twenty-five percent of all serious violent crime involved a juvenile offender. Of these crimes, more than one-half involved a group of offenders.
Data gathered from a variety of sources indicate that after a period of relative stability in the rates of juvenile crime, there was a major turning point in about Blumstein, Violence by Young People: Why the Deadly Nexus?
Then, within the next seven years, the rate of homicides committed by young people, the number of homicides they committed with guns, and the arrest rate of non-white juveniles for drug offenses, all doubled. Increasing youth violence has become a national concern, and juvenile arrests are on the rise.
Between andarrests of juveniles for violent offenses rose by nearly sixty-eight percent. Most of this increase occurred between andduring which time juvenile arrests for murder increased forty-five percent, arrests for robbery increased thirty-seven percent, and arrests for aggravated assault increased thirty-seven percent.
The most alarming statistics among these increases are the growth in homicides and weapons violations among younger juveniles.
Between andhomicide arrests of adolescents under age fifteen increased twenty-four percent, while arrests of youth in this age group for weapons violations increased twelve percent. It is interesting to note that between andjuvenile arrests for murder increased by fifty-one percent compared to a nine percent increase for those over the age of eighteen.
The fact that young people commit crime at a high rate should not be a revelation. Beginning inthe murder rate for eighteen year-olds more than doubled in the following seven years. For young people of all ages under eighteen, the murder rate dramatically more than doubled.
Then, beginning aboutthe murder rates rose for both groups, most dramatically among blacks. For white males in this age group, the annual rate for murder arrests increased from 7. In those four years, the arrest rate for murder by black males in this age group rose even faster, more than doubling from Beginning inthere was a steady growth in the use of guns by juveniles in committing murder.
The number of juvenile murders committed with guns more than doubled from to Juvenile gang killings are the fastest growing type of homicide, increasing almost four hundred percent since Juvenile arrests for weapon law violations more than doubled between and During this time period, adult arrests for weapons offenses increased by twenty-one percent, while juvenile arrests climbed one hundred seventeen percent.
Drug arrest rates for juveniles, especially for non-whites, are rising as well. Evidence continues to mount showing that a small proportion of offenders commit most of the serious and violent juvenile crimes.
Chronic offenders make up less than ten percent of juvenile offenders, but are responsible for two-thirds of all violent offenses. Data shows that the arrest of serious violent careers begins to increase at age twelve, doubles between ages thirteen and fourteen, and continues to increase to a peak at ages sixteen to seventeen.
It drops fifty percent by age eighteen, and continues to decrease through age twenty-seven. Initial arrest for a violent offense in a serious violent career most often takes place several years after initiation into this type of behavior since nearly half of those who continued their violent careers into their twenties reported having begun their violent offending before age eleven.
For intervention and treatment purposes, it is clear that the juvenile justice system is not seeing many offenders until it is too late to intervene effectively.Juvenile delinquency, also known as "juvenile offending", is the act of participating in unlawful behavior as minors (juveniles, i.e.
individuals younger than the statutory age of majority). Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centers and courts.
Some interventions with older juvenile delinquents (ages ) have been successful. Changes in legislation to deal with large numbers of juvenile offenders becoming adult criminals should be considered.
One possibility is to raise the minimum age for referral to the adult court to 21 or 24, so that fewer offenders would be dealt with in. Juveniles in residential placement are defined as those under age 18 who were assigned a bed in a juvenile residential custody facility in the United States as of the last Wednesday in October in a given year.
The historical development of juvenile justice systems in Europe seems to have followed developments in the United States. Although the formal legal systems and their operation differ from country to country, they are similar in their essentials to models in Connecticut and the rest of the United States.
Juvenile violent crime is at its lowest level since for every , youth in the United States ages 10 through 17, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency .
Chapter 16 - Postwar America. STUDY. PLAY.
After the launch of Sputnik in , efforts began in the United States to a. send more juvenile delinquents to jail. b. discourage adolescents from becoming interested in Communism.
c. fight juvenile delinquency.