The problem remainsmaking philosophy friendly to politics. The questioning of authoritativeopinions is not easily accomplished nor is that realm of philosophy — thepursuit of wisdom.
The new website has a cleaner look, additional video and audio clips, revised trial accounts, and new features that should improve the navigation.
The affidavit sworn out by Meletus made two related charges against Socrates: During the first three hours of trial, Meletus and the other two accusers each mounted a small stage in the law court in the center of Athens to deliver speeches to the jury making the case for the guilt of Socrates.
According to the partisan account of Plato in the Apology, Socrates--during his three-hour defense--entered into an exchange with Meletus and succeeded in making him appear rather dim-witted. For example, Plato reports Socrates trapping Meletus into saying "I say that you do not believe in any gods at all" and then exposes his accusation as nonsensical.
It is also possible that he was to some degree upset with the low opinion of Socrates for poets. Greek historian Diogenes Laertius, writing in the first half of the third century, reported that after the execution of Socrates "Athenians felt such remorse" that they banished Meletus from their city.
Anytus, the Power Behind the Prosecution Anytus, a powerful middle-class politician from a family of tanners, is generally considered to have been the driving force behind the prosecution of Socrates. Prior to his political careet in Athens, Anytus served as a general in the Peloponnesian War.
Blamed for losing Pylos to the Spartans, Anytus faced charges of treason, but was acquitted--with the help of a well-placed jury bribe, according to several accounts. Anytus gained influence in Athens by playing a leading role in the democratic revolt of B.
Despite having lost property and money during the eight months the tyrannical oligarchy ruled Athens, Anytus made no attempt to compensate himself for his losses, thus earning additional favor with the public. Anytus supported the Amnesty of Eucleides in that prohibited prosecution of offenses occurring during or before the Rule of Thirty.
Socrates, who was associated with several persons viewed as responsible for the overthrow of Athenian democracy, made no secret of his disdain for politicians such as Anytus. Even after democracy was restored, he continued to ridicule such centerpieces of Athenian democracy as the selection of leaders by majority vote.
Plato quotes Anytus as warning Socrates: Socrates had a relationship with the son of Anytus. Plato quotes Socrates as saying, "I has a brief association with the son of Anytus, and I found him not lacking in spirit.
According to Xenophon, Socrates urged his son not to "continue in the servile occupation [tanning hides] that his father has provided for him. He is described as "an orator," another profession Socrates held in especially low regard. Socrates contended that orators were less concerned with the pursuit of truth than in using their oratorical skills to obtain power and influence.
Diogenes Laertius, writing in the third century C. As such, he likely perceived Socrates as a threat to the democracy he highly valued. Lycon may also have blamed Socrates for a homosexual relationship between his son, Autolycus, and a friend of Socrates--three decades older than Autolycus--named Callias.Socrate's First Accusers and Athenian Law.
Of all confrontations in political philosophy, the biggest is. the conflict between philosophy and politics. The problem remains.
Once the Archon determined--after listening to Socrates and Meletus (and perhaps the other two accusers, Anytus and Lycon)--that the lawsuit was permissible under Athenian law, a date was set for the "preliminary hearing" (anakrisis) and terms for the hearing were posted as a public notice at the Royal Stoa. The law that Socrates was alleged to have violated was a law against impiety, and the thrust of his defense, as presented by Plato, was that his life has been consumed by his single-minded devotion to the god. Socrates v. the First Accusers: Socrates says that people such as Aristophanes persuaded many of the jurors and accused him falsely, saying that “there is a man called Socrates, a wise man, a student of all things in the sky and below the earth, who makes the worse argument the stronger” (18b-c), and who “teaches these same things to.
Socrates, himself, speaks out the accusers. charges by saying 'Socrates does injustice and is meddlesome, by.3/5(2). During the first three hours of trial, Meletus and the other two accusers each mounted a small stage in the law court in the center of Athens to deliver speeches to the jury making the case for the guilt of Socrates.
|Socrate's First Accusers And Athenian Law Essays||In the comic play, The Clouds BCAristophanes represents Socrates as a sophistic philosopher who teaches the young man Pheidippides how to formulate arguments that justify striking and beating his father.|
|Dr. Y's Notes on Plato's Apology - The Trial of Socrates||The new website has a cleaner look, additional video and audio clips, revised trial accounts, and new features that should improve the navigation. The affidavit sworn out by Meletus made two related charges against Socrates:|
|The defence of Socrates[ edit ] Socrates begins his legal defence by telling the jury that their minds were poisoned by his enemies, when they the jury were young and impressionable. That his false reputation as a sophistical philosopher comes from his enemies, all of whom are malicious and envious of him, yet must remain nameless — except for the playwright Aristophaneswho lampooned him Socrates as a charlatan-philosopher in the comedy play The Clouds BC.|
No record of Meletus's speech survives. § Shows his support for Athenian law (19a7) In the first part, Socrates gives a long speech. This is Socrates defense against his accusers. During this speech, Socrates says many examples of characters in Greek books.
For example, he talks about "the clouds" which is a comedy play. Socrate's First Accusers and Athenian Law Socrate's First Accusers and Athenian Law Of all confrontations in political philosophy, the biggest is the conflict.
The trial of Socrates ( BC) was held to determine the philosopher’s guilt of two charges: asebeia (impiety) against the pantheon of Athens, and corruption of the youth of the city-state; the accusers cited two impious acts by Socrates: “failing to acknowledge the gods that the city acknowledges” and “introducing new deities”..
The death sentence of . Socrate's First Accusers and Athenian Law Of all confrontations in political philosophy, the biggest is the conflict between.
philosophy and politics. The problem remains making philosophy friendly to politics. The questioning of authoritative opinions is not easily accomplished nor is that realm of philosophy - the pursuit of wisdom.