Some of these starting phrases are highlighted in blue text in the examples below:
Writing Research Questions and Hypotheses Research Questions and Hypotheses The purpose of this module is to discuss research questions and research hypotheses and to provide definitions, comparisons and examples of both.
Define research question and research hypothesis. Explain the difference between a research question and a research hypothesis and describe the appropriate use of each.
Describe the purpose of each and understand the importance of a well-developed question or hypothesis. Provide examples of research questions and research hypotheses.
Once you have chosen your research topic or subject, you will need to decide how you will approach the research process — by formulating a hypothesis or developing a research question. This can be determined by starting with the following questions.
Is there a significant body of knowledge already available about your subject that allows you to make a prediction about the results of your study before you begin? If so, you will be using a hypothesis. Or is your research more exploratory and investigative in nature and will require that you collect data and analyze results before drawing any conclusions?
If this describes your research topic, you will be developing a research question. Understanding this difference and choosing the correct approach will drive the rest of your research project. The following sections further describe research questions and hypotheses and provide examples of each.
Used to analyze and investigate a topic. It is written as a question and is inquisitive in nature. A properly written question will be clear and concise. It should contain the topic being studied purposethe variable sand the population.
Three main types of questions: Causal Questions — Compares two or more phenomena and determines if a relationship exists. Often called relationship research questions. Does the amount of calcium in the diet of elementary school children effect the number of cavities they have per year?
How often do college-aged students use Twitter? Comparative Questions — Aim to examine the difference between two or more groups in relation to one or more variables. What is the difference in caloric intake of high school girls and boys? The type of research question will influence the research design.Research questions in the empirical process set the stage for an entire study.
For this reason, it is critically important that the research questions of any study are worded in a way that allows a researcher to answer the questions clearly and succinctly.
Writing Good Quantitative Research Questions – This web resources describes the 3 main types of research questions and provides Planning My Research Question or Hypothesis resources contains a link to a PowerPoint presentation and a series of tutorials that contain examples and tips for writing research questions and hypotheses.
Quantitative research questions are generally used to set the scene for an entire study or industry report. For quantitative business research it is imperative that the research questions used allow your respondents to answer succinctly. To learn more about the differences between qualitative and quantitative research, The process of crafting a good research question can begin with writing down a qualitative purpose statement regarding your research.
International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education. 22(4). Formulating a quantitative research question can often be a difficult task.
When composing a research question, a researcher needs to determine if they want to describe data, compare differences among groups, assess a relationship, or determine if a set of variables predict another variable.
Writing Good Quantitative Research Questions Posted on October 19, by Gavin Davie Note: this is an excerpt from How to Write a Research Paper, Proposal, or Thesis eBook.